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              1. 暖通空调杂志社>期刊目次>2018年>第1期

                机场航站楼空调系统设计运行现状及研究展望

                Design, operating status and research prospects of air conditioning systems in airport terminals

                张 涛[1] 刘效辰[1] 刘晓华[1] 魏庆芃[1] 戎向阳[2] 杨 玲[2]
                [1]清华大学 [2]中国建筑西南设计研究院有限公司

                摘要:

                针对国内机场航站楼空调系统设计研究情况进行了文献综述,重点关注空调系统负荷组成及各部分的占比情况。结果表明,单位面积人员数量选取等指标是影响机场航站楼空调系统设计负荷的重要因素。实际航站楼供冷/热量的测试结果表明,冬季渗透风是影响热量消耗的重要因素。在此基础上,从机场航站楼内的人员活动规律、高大空间渗透风变化及空调系统末端方式等方面对航站楼空调系统的设计、研究进行了展望,以期为合理设计航站楼供暖空调系统、降低建筑运行能耗提供技术参考。

                关键词:机场航站楼,空调系统,设计负荷,人员密度,渗透风

                Abstract:

                Reviews the design conditions of air conditioning systems in domestic airport terminals, emphasizes the load components of air conditioning system and their corresponding proportions. The results indicate that the occupant density is a key factor influencing the design load for an airport terminal air conditioning system. The actual cooling/heating capacity test results of the terminal indicate that the infiltration is an important factor affecting the heat consumption in winter. On this basis, proposes the research prospect for the air conditioning system of airport terminals, mainly referring to the occupant behavior to determine an appropriate occupant density, air infiltration research of large space buildings, and novel terminal handling solutions, in order to provide a technical reference for the optimal design of airport terminal air conditioning systems and reducing building operating energy consumption.

                Keywords:airportterminal,airconditioningsystem,designload,occupantdensity,airinfiltration

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