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          • 暖通空调杂志社>期刊目次>2019年>第4期

            广州地区自然通风体育馆室内热舒适研究

            Field study on indoor thermal comfort of naturally ventilated gymnasiums in Guangzhou

            黄晓丹[1] 刘佳妮[1] 郭文智[2]
            [1]广东工业大学 [2]华南理工大学建筑设计研究院

            摘要:

            以广州市多个高校体育馆为研究对象,采用现场热环境实测和问卷调查相结合的方法,对夏季、过渡季和冬季的体育馆室内热舒适进行了调查研究,并对收集到的数据进行了统计回归分析。结果表明:实测体育馆室内全年平均热中性温度为24.1 ℃,热舒适温度范围为14.7~33.6 ℃;夏季期望温度为28.9 ℃,冬季期望温度为27.3 ℃,与热中性温度存在关联。分析了室内热中性温度与室外气候的相关性,建立了广州地区体育馆室内热舒适气候适应性模型。

            关键词:体育馆,自然通风,热舒适,热感觉,热中性温度,期望温度,气候适应性模型

            Abstract:

             Taking several college gymnasiums in Guangzhou as the research objects, investigates the indoor thermal comfort of the gymnasiums in summer, transitional season and winter by means of field thermal environment measurement and questionnaire survey. Carries out a statistical regression analysis on the collected data. The results show that the annual average thermal neutral temperature in the gymnasiums is 24.1 ℃, the range of the thermal comfort temperature is 14.7 to 33.6 ℃. The expected temperature is 28.9 ℃ in summer and 27.3 ℃ in winter, which is correlated with the thermal neutral temperature. Analyses the correlation between indoor thermal neutral temperature and outdoor climate, and establishes a climate adaptive model for indoor thermal comfort of gymnasiums in Guangzhou.

            Keywords:gymnasium,naturalventilation,thermalcomfort,thermalsensation,thermalneutraltemperature,expectedtemperature,climateadaptivemodel

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