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      1. 暖通空调杂志社>期刊目次>2019年>第5期

        冬季中小学生学习效率与室内温度关系实验研究

        Experimental study on relationship between indoor temperature and learning efficiency of primary and middle school students in winter

        蒋婧 王登甲 刘艳峰 许延超 刘加平
        西安建筑科技大学

        摘要:

         研究了教室温度变化对学习效率的定量影响,采用主观问卷调查和学习认知能力测评的方法,测试了不同温度条件下学生的学习效率,并分析了两者的影响关系。结果表明:不同教室温度条件下,不同测试项目的正确率、反应时间和学习效率随温度的变化存在一定差异;对整体学习效率而言,15 ℃时学习效率各项指标最佳;最佳学习效率的热感觉投票值约为-1.1,介于凉和稍凉之间,即在偏冷环境下中小学生的学习效率较高。

        关键词:中小学生,教室温度,学习效率,主观评价,实验研究,热感觉

        Abstract:

        Studies the quantitative influence of classroom temperature fluctuation on learning efficiency. Tests the students’ learning efficiency at different temperatures by means of subjective questionnaire survey and learning cognitive ability tests, and analyses the influence of temperature on learning efficiency. The results show that there are some differences in the accuracy rate, response time and learning efficiency index of different test items under different temperature conditions. For the integrate efficiency, the indicators are the best at 15 ℃. The thermal sensation voting value of the optimal efficiency is about -1.1, which is between cool and slightly cool, that is to say, the learning efficiency of primary and middle school students is higher in the cold environment.

        Keywords:primaryandsecondaryschoolstudent,classroomtemperature,learningefficiency,subjectiveevaluation,experimentalstudy,thermalsensation

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