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          • 暖通空调杂志社>期刊目次>2019年>第9期

            贵州苗族吊脚楼居住建筑冬季室内热舒适现场调研*

            Field study on winter indoor thermal comfort of stilted buildings of Miao nationality in Guizhou

            吴崇山 单军 孔德荣
            清华大学

            摘要:

             对贵州台江登鲁村75户苗族吊脚楼居住建筑冬季室内热环境参数进行了现场测试,同时对145名居民的热感觉、热舒适等主观感受展开了问卷调查,并对测试及调查结果进行了统计回归分析。结果表明:贵州台江苗族吊脚楼民居冬季实测热中性温度为14.3 ℃,预测热中性温度为18.5 ℃,两者相差4.2 ℃;居民期望温度为16.5 ℃;80%可接受温度范围为6.5~21.2 ℃。研究表明,相较于夏热冬冷地区相似纬度的汉族农村,贵州台江苗族吊脚楼居民拥有较低的热中性温度及80%可接受温度下限,针对其原因进行了分析。

            关键词:苗族吊脚楼,现场研究,热舒适,热感觉,热中性温度,期望温度

            Abstract:

             Investigates the indoor thermal environment parameters of 75 stilted buildings of the Miao nationality in Denglu village, Taijiang, Guizhou in winter. At the same time, conducts a questionnaire survey to 145 residents on thermal sensation, thermal comfort and other subjective feelings, and analyses the test and investigation data by the statistical regression method. The results show that the measured thermal neutral temperature in winter is 14.3 ℃, the predicted thermal neutral temperature is 18.5 ℃ and the difference between them is 4.2 ℃, the preferred temperature of residents is 16.5 ℃, and the accepted temperature scope for 80% is 6.5 to 21.2 ℃. The research results show that compared with those who live in the rural area of the Han nationality with similar latitude in hot summer and cold winter zone, the residents of the Miao nationality in Taijiang, Guizhou have lower measured thermal neutral temperature and floor level of accepted temperature scope for 80%. Analyses the cause of the phenomenon.

            Keywords:stiltedbuildingofMiaonationality,fieldstudy,thermalcomfort,thermalsensation,thermalneutraltemperature,preferredtemperature

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